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Karaikal is one of the four regions of the Union Territory of Pondicherry in India. It is the destination for those who seek solitude, leisure, serenity and piety. Known from times immemorial for its rich religious heritage, Karaikal is a 'must visit' for the pilgrim tourist and the religious minded. It is a peaceful destination off the beaten path of the South Indian tour Circuit.
Karaikal is known all over the country for its unique and the only temple devoted to the LordSaneeswara(Lord Saturn) at Thirunallar. Karaikal is the Gateway to various places of worship in the eastern coast of Tamilnadu.
Two famous shrines, Velankanni for Christians and Nagore for Muslims are nearby Karaikal. The French flavour still persists the peaceful land of Karaikal.
Karaikal lying on the Coromandel Coast is one among the former French settlements in India, now styled as the Union Territory of Pondicherry. History reveals that all these tiny pockets were small villages before the advent of the French. In these areas, the French has thought a series of battles with their European rival – the British – and Karaikal as sold to the French by Sarafoji Maharaja of Thanjavur for fifty thousand chakras. Conquered by the British several times, Karaikal was handed over to the French on 30th May 1814 along with Pondicherry, according to the treaty of Paris. It covers an area of 53 square miles or 160 sq.km.
Pondicherry which is the capital of the Union Territory of Pondicherry lies at a distance of 105 Miles south of Madras, also on the Coromandel Coast and covers an area of 115 square miles or 293.77 sq.km. Pondicherry was established by Francis Martin in 1674 A.D. In 1693 A.D., it was conquered by the Dutch and was handed over to the French in 1699 A.D. The British had besieged the same four times, during which period they demolished the forts and many buildings. According to the Treaty of Paris which was signed on the 30th 1814 A.D., restoration of Pondicherry and Karaikal to the French was accepted in principle. But they both came under the actual sway of the French in 1816 A.D. Pondicherry, consisting of 12 villages, is neither continuous nor contiguous.
Mahe which lies on the Occidental coast covers an area of 50 sq.km. The Maharaja of Badagara gave permission to the French to Station their army at the bank of the Mahe river on the 2nd April in 1721 A.D. with the right of occupying the surrounding areas also. But the French was forced to abandon the said place and stay in Calicut for some time. Since Labourdane re-captures Mahe in 1725 A.D., the French was able to obtain the complete control of Mahe by a treaty with the Maharaja of Badagara on the 8th of November 1726. When the British captured Pondicherry again on the 17th January 1761, Mahe was handed over to Major Munro on the 13th day of February of the same year. Then it was handed over to the French on the 20th May 1763. When Pondicherry was again captured on the 17th October 1771, General Munro took over the control of Mahe again on the 11th march 1779. Finally, the French were able to occupy Mahe on 22nd February 1817.
karaikal is the center place for Navagraha Temples
|Chandran - Thingaloor|
|Guru - Alangudi|
|Raaghu - Thirunageshwaram|
|Budhan - Thiruvenkadu|
|Sukran - Kanjanoore|
|Kaedhu - Keezhaperumpallam|
|Sani - Thirunallar|
|Sevaai - Vaitheeswaran Kovil|
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